Infertility workup refers to the comprehensive evaluation and diagnostic process conducted to determine the underlying causes of infertility in individuals or couples who are having difficulty conceiving. It involves a series of tests and assessments to identify potential factors contributing to infertility and to guide the appropriate treatment options.
The workup typically begins with a detailed medical history review and a physical examination for both partners. For women, it may include assessing hormonal levels, ovulation patterns, and the condition of the reproductive organs through imaging techniques like ultrasound. Men may undergo semen analysis to evaluate sperm count, motility, and morphology.
Additional tests can involve assessing tubal patency using procedures like hysterosalpingography or laparoscopy, which examine the fallopian tubes and the uterus. Other tests may include hormonal profiles, genetic testing, and infectious disease screenings.
Once the underlying causes are identified, treatment options can be tailored to address specific issues, such as hormonal imbalances, structural abnormalities, or genetic factors. The infertility workup aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the individual or couple’s fertility status, enabling healthcare providers to develop personalized treatment plans to increase the chances of successful conception.